Journal of Prime Research in Mathematics

Journal of Prime Research in Mathematics (JPRM) ISSN: 1817-3462 (Online) 1818-5495 (Print) is an HEC recognized, Scopus indexed, open access journal which provides a plate forum to the international community all over the world to publish their work in mathematical sciences. JPRM is very much focused on timely processed publications keeping in view the high frequency of upcoming new ideas and make those new ideas readily available to our readers from all over the world for free of cost. Starting from 2020, we publish one Volume each year containing two issues in June and December. The accepted papers will be published online immediate in the running issue. All issues will be gathered in one volume which will be published in December of every year.

Latest Published Articles

An Introduction to Soft Hypergraphs

JPRM-Vol. 18 (2022), Issue 1, pp. 43 – 59 Open Access Full-Text PDF
Bobin George, Jinta Jose, Rajesh K. Thumbakara
Abstract: This is an introductory paper on Soft Hypergraph. In 1999, D. Molodtsov initiated the concept of soft set theory. This is an approach for modeling vagueness and uncertainty. The concept of soft graphs introduced by Rajesh K. Thumbakara and Bobin George is used to provide a parameterized point of view for graphs. Theory of soft graphs is a fast developing area in graph theory due to its capability to deal with the parameterization tool. Hypergraph is a generalization of graph. In this paper we introduce the concept of soft hypergraph by applying the idea of soft set in hypergraph. By means of parameterization, soft hypergraph produces a series of descriptions of a relation described using a hypergraph.
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The nonlinear time-fractional differential equations with integral conditions

JPRM-Vol. 17 (2021), Issue 2, pp. 168 – 181 Open Access Full-Text PDF
H. Merad, F. Merghadi, A. Merad
Abstract: In this paper, we present a nonlinear equation modeling a time-fractional pseudoparabolic problem, involving fractional Caputo derivative where the fractional order is 0 < α < 1. We first started with the associated linear problem, we establish the energy inequalities to obtaine a priori estimate,and demonstrate the density of the operator’s range generated. Accordingly, the existence and uniqueness of the weak solutions are given, then we use the preceding results to handle the nonlinear case via an iterative process.
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Isomorphism Theorems in Generalized d−algebras

JPRM-Vol. 17 (2021), Issue 2, pp. 149 – 158 Open Access Full-Text PDF
Muhammad Anwar Chaudhry, Muhammad Imran Qureshi, Asfand Fahad, Muhammad Sajjad Bashir
Abstract: We introduce the generalized d-algebras, generalized d-ideals (d∗-ideals, d#-ideals, d$-ideals) and other related notions. We also prove some properties about d-ideal, d#-ideal and results related to quotient generalized d-algebra. Through these constructions, we prove the first, second and the third isomorphism theorems for the generalized d-algebras. These developments contribute to the theory of the BCI/BCK/BCH and the generalized BCH-algebras.
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Computation of Topological Indices for Inner Dual Graph of Honeycomb and Graphene Network

JPRM-Vol. 17 (2021), Issue 2, pp. 138 – 148 Open Access Full-Text PDF
FM Bhatti, Iqra Zaman, Sawaira Sikander
Abstract: In QSPR/QSAR study, the molecular structure indices are now standard methods for studying structureproperty relations. Due to the chemical significance of these indices, the number of proposed molecular descriptors is quickly rising in the last few years. A topological index is a transformation of a chemical structure into a real number. In mathematics, honeycomb networks are widely used because of their extreme importance in computer graphics, image processing, cellular phone base stations, and in chemistry to represent benzenoid hydrocarbons. They are formed by recursively using hexagonal tiling in a particular pattern. HC(n) represents the honeycomb network of dimension n, where n is the number of hexagons between boundary and central hexagon. An atomic-scale honeycomb structure composed of carbon atoms is known as graphene. Professor Andre Geim and Professor Kostya Novoselov separated it from graphite in 2004. It is the first 2D material that is one million times thinner than human hair, two hundred times stronger than steel, and the world’s most conductive material. The graph 2D graphene is expressed as G(r, s) where “r” means the number of rows, and “s” is the number of hexagons in a row. This paper uses the inner dual graph of honeycomb networks and 2D graphene network, which are named as HcID(n) and GID(r, s) respectively. We derive some results related to topological indices for these graphs. We compute degree-based indices, first general Zagreb index, general Randi´c connectivity index, general sum-connectivity index, first Zagreb index, Second Zagreb index, Randi´c index, Atom-bond Connectivity (ABC) index, and Geometric-Arithmetic (GA) index of inner dual graphs of honeycomb networks and graphene network.
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A Conceptual Framework of Convex and Concave Sets under Refined Intuitionistic Fuzzy Set Environment

JPRM-Vol. 17 (2021), Issue 2, pp. 122 – 137 Open Access Full-Text PDF
Atiqe Ur Rahman, Muhammad Arshad, Muhammad Saeed
Abstract: Intuitionistic fuzzy set deals with membership and non-membership of a certain element of universe of discourse whereas these are further partitioned into their sub-membership degrees in refined intuitionistic fuzzy set. This study aims to introduce the notions of convex and concave refined intuitionistic fuzzy sets. Moreover, some of its important properties e.g. complement, union, intersection etc. and results are discussed.
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Volume 20 (2024)

Volume 19 (2023)

Volume 18 (2022)

Volume 17 (2021)

Volume 16 (2020)

Volume 15 (2019)

Volume 14 (2018)

Volume 13 (2017)

Volume 12 (2016)

Volume 11 (2015)

Volume 10 (2014)

Volume 09 (2013)

Volume 08 (2012)

Volume 07 (2011)

Volume 06 (2010)

Volume 05 (2009)

Volume 04 (2008)

Volume 03 (2007)

Volume 02 (2006)

Volume 01 (2005)