Journal of Prime Research in Mathematics

Generalized \(\xi\)-rings

Peter V. Danchev
Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences ”Acad. G. Bonchev” str., bl. 8, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria.

\(^{1}\)Corresponding Author:


Let \(R\) be a ring with center \(C(R)\). A ring \(R\) is called a ξring if, for any element \(x ∈ R\), there exists an element \(y ∈ R\) such that \(x − x^2y ∈ C(R)\). In Proc. Japan Acad. Sci., Ser. A – Math. (1957), Utumi describes the structure of these rings as a natural generalization of the classical strongly regular rings, that are rings for which \(x = x^2 y\). In order to make up a natural connection of \(ξ\)-rings with the more general class of von Neumann regular rings, that are rings for which \(x =xyx\), we introduce here the so-called generalized \(ξ\)-rings as those rings in which \(x − xyx ∈ C(R)\). Several characteristic properties of this newly defined class are proved, which extend the corresponding ones established by Utumi in these Proceedings (1957).


 Idempotents, nipotents, regular rings, strongly regular rings, \(ξ\)-rings.