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JPRM-Vol. 1 (2005), Issue 1, pp. 220 – 226 Open Access Full-Text PDF
Bashir Ahmad, Ambreen A. Khan
Abstract: We extend the wavelet estimation method due to Weglein and Secrest  to a marine seismic exploration model by taking into account the fluid motion and obtain the wavelet amplitude of the reflected data. This consideration is important for processing marine seismic data and for modeling seismic response. In case of known source location, the method predicts the source spectrum whereas the wave-field is predicted when the source (discrete/continuously distributed) is completely unknown. Moreover, this method is independent of the information about the properties of the earth. We find that the wavelet amplitude tends to zero and as a result, the corresponding reflected waves will be suppressed when the speed of the moving fluid gets closer and closer to the speed of sound. When the speed of the fluid motion is minuscule in comparison with the wave speed in water (Mach number \(M << 1\)), it does not effect the wavelet amplitude and the fluid motion can altogether be ignored which is in accordance with the physical observation.